The State Medical Board of Ohio prepared a regulatory statement regarding the prescription of naloxone to individuals at high?risk of an opioid overdose as well as the prescription of naloxone to a third party (family member, hospital friend, or other individual) that is in a position to assist an individual who is at risk of experiencing an opioid overdose.
This statement is intended to raise awareness about the benefits of naloxone (also known as NarcanR) for individuals at high risk of opioid overdose and those who are in a position to assist an individual who is experiencing an opioid-related overdose (such as a first responder, friend or family member).
- Patients who present a high?risk for opioid overdose, after they are appropriately evaluated and determined by the prescriber to benefit from the prescription for naloxone. When prescribed, indications for and methods of administration should be explained to patients, along with any potential risks.
- A family member, friend, or other individual who is in a position to assist an individual who is apparently experiencing or at risk of experiencing an opioid?related overdose. The naloxone must be furnished to, or the prescription is issued to and in the name of, a family member, friend, or other individual in a position to assist an individual who there is reason to believe is at risk of experiencing an opioid?related overdose.”
“The naloxone must be prescribed so that it may be administered only by a device manufactured for the intranasal administration of liquid drugs or by using an auto-injector in a manufactured dosage form.”
- Permits a physician or other health care professional who is authorized to prescribe drugs to personally furnish or issue a prescription for naloxone to a friend, family member, or other individual in a position to provide assistance to an individual at risk of experiencing an opioid-related overdose.
- Grants a health care professional who in good faith furnishes or issues a prescription for naloxone immunity from criminal or civil liability or professional disciplinary action for the actions or omissions of the individual to whom the drug is furnished or prescription is issued.
- Requires the health care professional to instruct the individual to whom the drug is furnished or prescription issued to summon emergency services immediately before or immediately after administering naloxone.
- Grants immunity from criminal liability to a family member, friend, or other individual (except for certain licensed emergency responders) who administers naloxone obtained pursuant to the act, if the individual summons emergency services.